~~~ 不變的憤怒鳥

Anschluss ‧ 回歸祖國

我覺得這一段在維基百科全書 (wikipedia) 的歷史紀錄值得台灣人知道,所以特別花些時間將它翻譯過來 :

Anschluss  : 奧地利在1938年被納粹德國併入大德國的併吞。

奧地利在1938年3月12日被併入納粹德國。當時,德國已施加了數年的壓力,在奧地利也有許多納粹與非納粹的「重返帝國」運動支持者。在這之前,納粹德國已提供奧地利國家社會黨(奧地利納粹黨)支援以便從奧地利法西斯黨領導中奪取權力。

在越來越大的壓力下,總理柯特‧席尼格仍然極力要奧地利維持獨立。他試圖舉行全民公決來詢問奧地利人民是否願意繼續保持獨立或併入德國。

雖然柯特‧席尼格預期奧地利會投票贊成保持自主權,但是奧地利國家機構中的奧地利納粹黨在公民投票前,於三月十一日維也納發動了精心策劃的政變,公民投票也也被取消。

隨著權力迅速轉移到德國,德國部隊進入奧地利實施併吞 (Anschluss)。納粹在隨後的一個月內舉行了公民投票,要求人民批准已經完成的統一,他們得到99.73%的選票。接著沒有發生任何戰鬥。最強烈 反對兼併的聲音,特別是法西斯意大利,法國和英國,有的無能為力、有的姑息。

原文如下 :

The Anschluss was the 1938 incorporation of Austria into Greater Germany by Nazi Germany.

Austria was merged into Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938. There had been several years of pressure from Germany and there were many supporters within Austria for the “Heim ins Reich"-movement, both Nazis and non-Nazis.[2] Earlier, Nazi Germany had provided support for the Austrian National Socialist Party (Austrian Nazi Party) in its bid to seize power from Austria’s Austrofascist leadership. Fully devoted to remaining independent but amidst growing pressures, the Chancellor of Austria, Kurt Schuschnigg, tried to hold a referendum to ask the Austrian people whether they wished to remain independent or merge into Germany.

Although Schuschnigg expected Austria to vote in favour of maintaining autonomy, a well-planned coup d’état by the Austrian Nazi Party of Austria’s state institutions in Vienna took place on 11 March, prior to the referendum which was cancelled. With power quickly transferred over to Germany, Wehrmacht troops entered Austria to enforce the Anschluss. The Nazis held a plebiscite – asking the people to ratify what had already been done – within the following month, where they received 99.73% of the vote. No fighting ever took place and the strongest voices against the annexation, particularly Fascist Italy, France and the United Kingdom (the “Stresa Front"), were powerless or, in the case of Italy, appeased.

後記 : 在 Michael Turton 的部拉格,我看到這個不認識的字「Anschluss」。我好奇地查一下,於是發現這一段我從來都不知道的歷史。

廣告

Comments on: "Anschluss ‧ 回歸祖國" (3)

  1. 昆蟲大您好:
      當年由納粹舉行公民投票的同時,奧地利雖然已經被德國所併吞,可是仍然有機會可以表達反對的意見,然而投票結果卻是99.73%贊成併入德國,所以我的感覺是當年的奧地利人似乎願意把莫札特、克林姆及佛洛伊德都變成德國人,雖然知識、藝術等可以是由全人類所共享,但把這些偉大的成就拱手讓給德國人,我還真難以理解當時的奧地利人是怎麼想的!

    註:洛伊德卒於1939年,不曉得當年他是否投下贊成票就是了!

    按讚數

    • It is unlikely that there is *any* real and serious vote that would get 99.73% at one side. Germany might have convinced many, or even most, Austrians, but 99.73% is just a joke.

      按讚數

  2. 更正附註:「洛伊德」卒於1939年…漏打了ㄧ個字,應該是「佛洛伊德」。

    按讚數

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